- Ken Ilgunas
The best travel movies ever
Once upon a time, I was obsessed with films. I suppose I still am, but certainly not to the degree that I was as a boy. When I was 13, I set out to compile my 100 favorite films of all time. From memory, I listed over 800. I adored movies—hell, I was practically raised by Hollywood.
My father—who has exquisite taste in film—recommended the best of the best to me. When I was a toddler, I watched Ghostbusters almost every day of the year. When I was nine, I became obsessed with Terminator 2. When I was 13, Braveheart captured my imagination.
In later years, I’d familiarize myself with some of the greats: Kurosawa, Kubrick, Tarkovsky, and Bergman. For a suburbanite, sometimes the adventurous world of film was the only place I could go to sate my need for escape and excitement.
When I was a teen, it was my dream to be a movie critic someday. I gave the career a test-run when I wrote for my undergraduate college newspaper. But much to my disappointment, I was turned off with the idea when my editor assigned me to review Richard Gere’s Shall We Dance? So much for that idea.
My obsession waned when I moved up to Alaska where I no longer had a place to rent or watch films, but at Duke, these past couple years, I’ve been able to continue my movie education with the aid of their impressive library collection.
Since it fits within the themes of this blog, I’ve decided to list my top ten travel movies—a genre (if you can even call it a genre) that I especially enjoy. Determining what is and what is not a travel movie is a difficult task since most every movie has elements of motion and movement, travel and change. And most every movie has a hero, a call for adventure, a test of will, and a final climax. The best of these have us tag along with a character who has embarked on both an inner and outer journey. The outer journey takes place in the real world—where he experiences strain and struggle amongst strange people in foreign places. The changes he undergoes on this outer journey is called the inner journey. And the hero, by the time we get to the end of the story, should be a changed man.
But practically every movie has these themes—they’re as old as storytelling itself. Because of this, it’s hard to classify a film as a “travel movie.” Yet, I went ahead anyway and selected the following films because there was a literal physical journey of some sort in each of them. While I do love all of the following, I made this list as if I was making a mixed tape: best not to put all your favorites on one disc, but to find works that complement one another and work together as a whole. So to balance a few of the blockbuster classics, I’ve sprinkled in a few under-the-radar gems that may have escaped your notice. Here goes…
10. Wendy and Lucy (2008) Directed by Kelly Reichardt
In Afghanistan, it’s local custom to welcome travelers into one’s home and aid them on their journey. It’s disappointing that such a backward country is, in ways, more hospitable than some American communities. Wendy and Lucy is about a young woman who gets stranded in 21st Century middle-America. The townspeople are xenophobic, paranoid, and ruthlessly apathetic. The traveler in America today is viewed as a curiosity and an anachronism. We’re not sure what to think of her. There are some among us who will go out of their way to help, but for every driver that pulls over, there are a thousand that pass by.
9. Quest for fire [or La Guerre du Feu] (1981) Directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud
This one from Canada is certainly a little “out there.” For our CGI-trained eyes, the costumes look woefully out-of-date, the action is choppy, and sometimes you’re not sure if it’s funny because it’s funny or funny because it’s bad. But by the time I got halfway through, there was no turning back. It’s an incredibly ambitious work. Filmed in the Scottish highlands, Canadian Rockies, and Kenyan grasslands, Quest for Fire—set 80,000 years ago—follows three prehistoric men who set off on a search for fire because their tribe has yet to figure out how to make it on their own. Most impressive is that there isn’t one line of dialogue in the film.
8. Pathfinder [or Ofelas] (1987) Directed by Nils Gaup
Oh, dear Pathfinder: you had me at first mention of the mythical albino caribou. A young boy whose home was pillaged by a band of marauders sets off on skis across 10th Century Lapland (northern Scandinavia) to avenge his family’s murders. In a neighboring tribe, he meets a “pathfinder”—a sort of spiritual leader—who guides him along the way.
7. The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004) Directed by Wes Anderson
Director Wes Anderson has a sense of humor that only registers for a special few. He has a spotless record on the silver screen, and this one’s my favorite of all. He has a knack for being irreverent and irrelevant, while telling a story with sweetness and sincerity. You can’t not like a Wes Anderson character.
6. Touching the Void (2003) Directed by Kevin Macdonald
Dramatizations of historic events tend to be hokey. But Touching the Void is a rare exception. It’s a seamless mixture of documentary and drama; of actors and real people. There’s a Greenland saying that goes: “When you have gone so far that you can’t manage one more step, then you have gone just half the distance that you are capable of.” This is what Joe Simpson found out on his unbelievable broken-legged mountain trek from the Andes’ Siula Madre.
5. The Endurance (2000) Directed by George Butler
To assert authority is to pretend to have it. A true leader never has to “lead”; he is simply followed. Ernest Shackleton was one such leader. He seems to be a throwback to more chivalrous eras when one could be both a gentleman and a feet-in-the-muck grunt; when men could be both decorous and daring. The expedition of the ship “Endurance” was an absolute disaster by most standards. The ship sunk, and the 28-man crew had to endure a winter in Antarctica. Their only hope was for a small crew—led by Shackleton—to set off on a hopeless 800-mile voyage in a lifeboat in choppy, bone-chilling seas.
4. The Straight Story (1999) Directed by David Lynch
Lynch is known for his creepy twisted mind-fucks like Eraserhead and Mulholland Drive. Yet Lynch says that The Straight Story “may be my most experimental film. Tenderness can be just as abstract as insanity.” Alvin, played by Richard Farnsworth, embarks on a journey on his John Deere tractor from his home in Iowa to visit his dying brother in Wisconsin. Sometimes a journey is not just about where we go, but how we get there.
3. Sullivan’s Travels (1941) Directed by Preston Sturges
This is a film about films. Sullivan—a hotshot movie director—sick of making mindless crowd-pleasers, wants to create something of substance. Like fellow artists Jack London and George Orwell, Sullivan becomes a tramp to learn about the plight of his fellow man so he can come back and share his insights on the screen. His idea, however, doesn’t go as planned. He winds up in prison, where he learns that the mindless movies he’d condemned were of more worth to the downtrodden than the artsy-fartsy films he wished to create ever would be. It’s a fine lesson: to educate, one must first entertain.
2. Into the Wild (2007) Directed by Sean Penn
I was not happy to see that one of my favorite books was going to be turned into a film. I thought it was going to be a disaster. But I was delightfully surprised to see that Penn nailed it. Apart from the surprisingly mosquito-less Alaska, I thought that a more authentic film of modern American vagabonding could not have been made.
1. The Motorcycle Diaries [or Diarios de Motocicleta] (2003) Directed by Walter Salles
If this film doesn’t make you want to sell your belongings and take off on life-changing road trip with a portly and affable best friend, then you, sir, have no soul.
-Up (2009) Directed by Pete Docter and Bob Peterson
-Doctor Zhivago (1965) Directed by David Lean
-The Road (2009) Directed by John Hillcoat
-Holiday (1938) Directed by George Cukor
–Apocalypto (2006) Directed by Mel Gibson
–Before Sunset (2004) Directed by Richard Linklater
–Black Robe (1991) Directed by Bruce Beresford
–Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972) Directed by Werner Herzog
–The Brown Bunny (2003) Directed by Vincent Gallo
–The Night of the Hunter (1955) Directed by Charles Laughton
–Master and Commander (2003) Directed by Peter Weir
–O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000) Directed by the Coen brothers
[Please feel free to recommend your own travel-favorites in the comment section!]